management design school
Management Design Journal

Management Design Journal

No 20 Q4 2021

Managing social impact in urban planning

With the growing trends in urbanization, geographic information systems may support urban planning in comprehending and mitigating displacement of low income communities.  The displacement with urbanization may be a health risk considered for urban planners (Mehdipanah, Marra, Melis, & Gelormino, 2018).  Mehdipanah et al. (2018) review health outcomes associated with urban renewal and urban displacement.  Refugee populations may also face increased threats due to urbanization and displacement (Tsavdaroglou, 2020).  Tsavdaroglou (2020) discuss spatial injustice, physical enforcement, and dislocation of social relations in the displacement of refugees.  Increased urbanization may be a trend for further research in urban planning (Hevia, 2021).  Hevia (2021) discusses urban displacement associated with inner-city rehabilitation and neighborhood renovation projects which replaced trends of suburbanization and urban sprawl.

The displacement of low-income communities to develop higher income residential areas is considered a form of gentrification.  Byrne (2003) describes benefits of gentrification in increasing revenue for cities and providing the funding to build affordable housing.  Abdel-Samad et al. (2021) explain challenges in maintaining progress in reducing the number of individuals experiencing homelessness due to the health crisis.  Abdel-Samad et al. (2021) develop an academic and practice cooperative framework for addressing homelessness integrating health, engineering, social sciences, and communication.  Ahuja et al. (2020) model collaborative communities to address homelessness with public support, funding, and availability.

Urban planning may integrate both the design of structures as well as areas of vegetation.  The process of displacement may be considered as part of ecological design in urban planning (Draus et al., 2020).  Draus et al. (2020) examine the role ecological design may play in the process of displacement of low-income communities.  Nassauer, Webster, Sampson, and Li (2021) studies preferences for treatment and safety in ecological design of landscapes in urban planning.  Geographic information systems may also support ecological design with the analysis of maps (Phillips et al., 2021).  Phillips et al. (2021) analyzes map data to support the benefits of planting trees on the sides of roadways. 

Emerging strategies for landscape design may include public proposals to support cooperative planning (Roggema, 2021).  Roggema (2021) develop a framework to integrate design proposals with public opinion in urban landscape design.  Khanani, Adugbila, Martinez, and Pfeffer (2021) create a conceptual framework to measure the social, spatial, and economic impact of road infrastructure projects.  Reades and Rey (2021) develop open source geographic information systems resources for educators.  Preis, Janakiraman, Bob, and Steil (2020) discuss quantitative analysis of census data to measure composition of neighborhoods by demographics.  Preis et al. (2020)  evaluate four indices applied to measure displacement pressure.  Parralejo and Díaz-Parra (2021) explore a relationship between gentrification and transitions from tourism in urban environments.





Abdel-Samad, M., Calzo, J. P., Felner, J. K., Urada, L., Verbyla, M. E., Madanat, H., . . . Sleet, D. (2021). Conceptualizing an interdisciplinary collective impact approach to examine and intervene in the chronic cycle of homelessness. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(4). doi:10.3390/ijerph18042020

Ahuja, N. J., Nguyen, A., Winter, S. J., Freeman, M., Shi, R., Rodriguez Espinosa, P., & Heaney, C. A. (2020). Well-being without a roof: Examining well-being among unhoused individuals using mixed methods and propensity score matching. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(19). doi:10.3390/ijerph17197228

Byrne, J. P. (2003). Two cheers for gentrification. Howard Law Journal, 46, 405-432.

Draus, P., Haase, D., Napieralski, J., Sparks, A., Qureshi, S., & Roddy, J. (2020). Wastelands, greenways and gentrification introducing a comparative framework with a focus on Detroit, USA. Sustainability, 12, 6189.

Hevia, J. (2021). NEPA and gentrification: Using federal environmental review to combat urban displacement. Emory Law Journal, 70(3).

Khanani, R. S., Adugbila, E. J., Martinez, J. A., & Pfeffer, K. (2021). The impact of road infrastructure development projects on local communities in peri-urban areas: The case of Kisumu, Kenya and Accra, Ghana. International Journal of Community Well-Being, 4(1), 33-53. doi:10.1007/s42413-020-00077-4

Mehdipanah, R., Marra, G., Melis, G., & Gelormino, E. (2018). Urban renewal, gentrification and health equity: A realist perspective. European Journal of Public Health, 28(2), 243-248. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckx202

Nassauer, J. I., Webster, N. J., Sampson, N., & Li, J. (2021). Care and safety in neighborhood preferences for vacant lot greenspace in legacy cities. Landscape and Urban Planning, 214, 104156. doi:

Parralejo, J.-J., & Díaz-Parra, I. (2021). Gentrification and touristification in the central urban areas of Seville and Cádiz. Urban Science, 5(2), 40.

Phillips, B. B., Navaratnam, A., Hooper, J., Bullock, J. M., Osborne, J. L., & Gaston, K. J. (2021). Road verge extent and habitat composition across Great Britain. Landscape and Urban Planning, 214, 104159. doi:

Preis, B., Janakiraman, A., Bob, A., & Steil, J. (2020). Mapping gentrification and displacement pressure: An exploration of four distinct methodologies. Urban Studies.

Reades, J., & Rey, S. J. (2021). Geographical python teaching resources: geopyter. Journal of Geographical Systems. doi:10.1007/s10109-021-00346-6

Roggema, R. (2021). Bypassing the obvious: Implementing cutting edge ideas for futuring urban landscapes. Urban and Regional Planning, 6(1), 1-14.

Tsavdaroglou, C. (2020). The refugees’ right to the center of the city and spatial justice: Gentrification vs commoning practices in Tarlabaşı-Istanbul. Urban Planning, 5(3), 230–240.

Health care inequities in urban planning

Socio-economic topics may require more attention for urban planners (Mathur, 2011).  An example of a socio-economic topic for which urban planners can implement geographic information systems is health inequities (Corburn, 2017).  Mathur (2011) explains socio-economic collectives are often neglected in urban planning where cities are often considered homogeneous entities.  Corburn (2017) develop a framework for urban planning and health equity.

Geographic information systems may support analysis of health care inequities in urban analysis (Neely, Ivey, Duarte, Poe, & Irsheid, 2020; Owens-Young & Bell, 2020; Scerpella et al., 2021).  Scerpella et al. (2021) provides examples of geographic information systems for identifying inequities in health care such as in disease surveillance, access, chronic conditions, at risk adult populations, and health outcomes.  Neely et al. (2020) discuss theories aligned with reducing inequities beneficial for improving equality in access to health care.  Owens-Young and Bell (2020) compare health care inequities in urban and rural environments.  Cheng and Zetina (2021) examine how the health pandemic has affected the tourism industry.

Fairman and Villarruel (2021) discuss changes to nursing education programs due to the pandemic.  Honig, Stone, Vose, Prado-Inzerillo, and Frazier (2021) also discuss the advantages in promoting independence in nursing programs for preparation in times of crises.  Liu et al. (2021) explain that creativity may increase for nursing schools which foster safe environments for interdisciplinary studies.  Brewer, Anderson, and Watson (2020) discuss transforming nursing education with a theory based curriculum for caring.





Brewer, B. B., Anderson, J., & Watson, J. (2020). Evaluating changes in caring behaviors of caritas coaches pre and post the caritas coach education program. JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration, 50(2).

Cheng, J., & Zetina, Z. (2021). A study to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on tourist arrivals in Belize. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 9, 326-334.

Corburn, J. (2017). Urban place and health equity: Critical issues and practices. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(2), 117. doi:10.3390/ijerph14020117

Fairman, J., & Villarruel, A. M. (2021). Re-envisioning PhD programs for the future - Beginning the conversation. Journal of Professional Nursing, 37(1), A5-A6. doi:

Honig, J., Stone, P. W., Vose, C., Prado-Inzerillo, M., & Frazier, L. (2021). A clinical and academic partnership: An exemplar from the COVID epicenter. Journal of Professional Nursing, 37(2), 241-243. doi:

Liu, H.-Y., Chen, N.-H., Wang, I. T., Wu, S.-M., Han, C.-Y., Hsu, D.-Y., . . . Huang, D.-H. (2021). Predictors of individually perceived levels of team creativity for teams of nursing students in Taiwan: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Professional Nursing, 37(2), 272-280. doi:

Mathur, O. P. (2011). Contested spaces, information technology and urban governance. Environment and Urbanization ASIA, 2(2), vii-xi. doi:10.1177/097542531100200201

Neely, A. N., Ivey, A. S., Duarte, C., Poe, J., & Irsheid, S. (2020). Building the transdisciplinary resistance collective for research and policy: Implications for dismantling structural racism as a determinant of health inequity. Ethnicity & Disease, 30(3), 381-388. doi:doi:10.18865/ed.30.3.381

Owens-Young, J., & Bell, C. N. (2020). Structural racial inequities in socioeconomic status, urban-rural classification, and infant mortality in US counties. Ethnicity & Disease, 30(3), 389-398.

Scerpella, D. L., Bouranis, N. G., Webster, M. J., Dellapina, M., Koeuth, S., Parker, L. J., . . . Gitlin, L. N. (2021). Using geographic information systems (GIS) for targeted national recruitment of community-dwelling caregivers managing dementia-related behavioral and psychological symptoms: A recruitment approach for a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Geographic Information System, 13, 302-317.

Cultural trends in organization change

Research in cultural empathy may improve organizational change within enterprises (Delpechitre, 2013).  Delpechitre (2013) explores cultural empathy and cultural assimilation.  Brunelle (2013) draws relationships between physical distance and psychological influence in environments of supervisors and subordinates.  Arrojo (2021) highlights attributes of enterprise social knowledge systems.

Oguejiofor (2012) discuss a philosophic dialogue that existed between ancient African and Greek cultures.  Mabovula Nonceba (2011) reviews awareness of the theoretical framework of the African philosophy of Ubuntu and communalism.  Babalis and Lazarakou (2021) define historical empathy as a tool for the education of controversial topics in history.  Mudave (2016) compare educational institution information literacy programs around the world.

Issues of ethics and multicultural necessities may be integrated early in information technology design to improve outcomes (Israel & Amer, 2021).  Israel and Amer (2021) describe the failure of adaptations to existing technological infrastructures for multicultural needs in comparison to the potential success of building multicultural systems from inception.  Israel and Amer (2021) discussed an approach of digital hermeneutics to explore and evaluate ethics in information technology culture.  Ethical issues may require advanced design with emerging technologies (Nyholm, 2018).  Nyholm (2018) explores some of the ethical dilemmas that may arise with autonomous vehicles.  The health pandemic has also introduced new dilemmas for technology design (Chan, 2021).  Chan (2021) explores knowledge management tools as techniques for responding to the business, social, and technology impacts of the health pandemic.

Institutions of higher education may heed recommendations for inclusive and lifelong curricula design (Cronholm, 2021; Karp Gershon, Ruipérez-Valiente, & Alexandron, 2021).  Cronholm (2021) recommends higher education institutions design programs for promoting lifelong learning.  Karp Gershon et al. (2021) supports inclusive design processes for massively open online course curricula.

Techniques for improving curricula design may also include promotion, openness, and assessment (Della-Piana, Gardner, & Mayne, 2018; Laakso & Polonioli, 2018; Negoita, Rahrovani, Lapointe, & Pinsonneault, 2021).  Negoita et al. (2021) describe increased efforts in promoting information technology implementation in project planning as a strategy for information technology projects.  Laakso and Polonioli (2018) evaluate the open access policies of journals in ethics research to measure open access availability.  Della-Piana et al. (2018) identify techniques for connecting classroom and large-scale assessments such as including complex tasks, automated scoring, and improved reporting.





Arrojo, M. J. (2021). Emerging information systems and the design of “iVoz”: A case study of enterprise social systems. Open Journal of Philosophy, 11, 370-385.

Babalis, T. K., & Lazarakou, E. D. (2021). Employing empathy to teach and assess the learning process in controversial historical issues. Creative Education, 12, 1615-1628.

Brunelle, E. (2013). Leadership and mobile working: The impact of distance on the superior-subordinate relationship and the moderating effects of leadership style. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 4(11).

Chan, J. O. (2021). Knowledge management and the pandemic. International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology, 11(1).

Cronholm, S. (2021). Lifelong learning: Principles for designing university education. Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 20, 35-60.

Della-Piana, G. M., Gardner, M. K., & Mayne, Z. M. (2018). Toward a dialogue following professional standards on education achievement testing. Journal of Research Practice, 14(2).

Delpechitre, D. (2013). Importance of cross-cultural empathy in selling – perspective from Asian Indians living in the U.S. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 4(11), 15-22.

Israel, M. J., & Amer, A. (2021). Ethical implications of digital infrastructures for pluralistic perspectives. Ethics and Information Technology. doi:10.1007/s10676-021-09582-2

Karp Gershon, S. a., Ruipérez-Valiente, J. A., & Alexandron, G. (2021). Defining and measuring completion and assessment biases with respect to English language and development status: not all MOOCs are equal. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 18(1), 41. doi:10.1186/s41239-021-00275-w

Laakso, M., & Polonioli, A. (2018). Open access in ethics research: An analysis of open access availability and author self-archiving behaviour in light of journal copyright restrictions. Scientometrics, 116(1), 291-317. doi:10.1007/s11192-018-2751-5

Mabovula Nonceba, N. (2011). The erosion of African communal values: A reappraisal of the African Ubuntu philosophy. Inkanyiso, 3(1), 38-47. doi:10.10520/EJC112680

Mudave, E. (2016). Information Literacy (IL) learning experiences: A literature review. Inkanyiso, 8(1), 57-68. doi:10.10520/EJC192235

Negoita, B., Rahrovani, Y., Lapointe, L., & Pinsonneault, A. (2021). Distributed IT championing: A process theory. Journal of Information Technology, 02683962211019406. doi:10.1177/02683962211019406

Nyholm, S. (2018). The ethics of crashes with self-driving cars A roadmap, II. Philosophy Compass, 13.

Oguejiofor, J. O. (2012). African and Greek philosophy: A pristine dialogue in search of contemporary relevance: Special theme articles. Phronimon, 13(2), 55-72. doi:10.10520/EJC128690

Challenges of archeological research and its relationship with indigenous and minority populations

Archeological research may be more inclusive of indigenous and minority populations to coordinate the benefits of the research.  Early and Trubitt (2003) discuss the accidental excavation of a burial site during construction and the return to an indigenous tribe for reburial.  Addepalli, Tirunagari, and Mujeebuddin (2020) discuss ethical guidelines for biomedical research on human subjects.  Schreiber, Neumann, and Egbers (2019) detail the experiences of archeologists and the challenges in the field for ethical, religious, and epistemological concerns.  Plets, Gheyle, Plets, Dvornikov, and Bourgeois (2011) describe conflicts with construction and archeological sites.  Crellin and Harris (2021) explore views on posthumanism and the intersection with archeology.  Blakey (2020) mention a lack of cultural training for researchers of archeological sites for minorities.





Addepalli, T., Tirunagari, S., & Mujeebuddin, C. S. (2020). Independent ethics committee / Institutional Review Board. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, 63(2), 12-18.

Blakey, M. L. (2020). Archaeology under the blinding light of race. Current Anthropology, 61(S22), S183-S197. doi:10.1086/710357

Crellin, R. J., & Harris, O. J. T. (2021). What difference does posthumanism make? Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 1-7. doi:10.1017/S0959774321000159

Early, A. M., & Trubitt, M. B. D. (2003). The Caddo Indian Burial Ground (3MN386), Norman, Arkansas. Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State(1), 21.

Plets, G., Gheyle, W., Plets, R., Dvornikov, E. P., & Bourgeois, J. (2011). A line through the sacred lands of the altai mountains: Perspectives on the Altai Pipeline Project. Mountain Research and Development, 31(4), 372-379.

Schreiber, S., Neumann, S., & Egbers, V. (2019). “I like to keep my archaeology dead”. Alienation and othering of the past as an ethical problem. Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique, 2(3), 88-96. doi:

Corporate culture and ethics in information technology

Ethics and philosophy may impact areas of corporate culture such as organizational change, corporate social responsibility, and entrepreneurship (Coeckelbergh, 2021; Mühlhoff, 2021).  Mühlhoff (2021) explores how predictive analytics can be developed in a manner that does not enforce discriminatory behaviors.  Coeckelbergh (2021) explores the philosophy of Sparrow in the effects of applying ethics to the treatment of robots.  Tamvada (2020) connect moral and legal responsibility to accountability in measuring corporate social responsibility.

Evaluations of corporate culture may support research in organizational change (Kim, Ock, Shin, & Seo, 2018).  Kim et al. (2018) propose research in corporate culture for qualitative evaluations of technology.  Vamvaka, Stoforos, Palaskas, and Botsaris (2020)apply the theory of planned behavior to analyze entrepreneurship among demographic groups.  Farhadi, Ismail, and Fooladi (2012) examine the relationship between information communication technology consumption and economic growth.  Hasan and Koning (2020) evaluate networks of interaction within organizations for organizational design interventions.  García-Sánchez, Guerrero-Villegas, and Aguilera-Caracuel (2019) examine reverse logistics of technological skills in information technology firms.





Coeckelbergh, M. (2021). Does kindness towards robots lead to virtue? A reply to Sparrow’s asymmetry argument. Ethics and Information Technology. doi:10.1007/s10676-021-09604-z

Farhadi, M., Ismail, R., & Fooladi, M. (2012). Information and communication technology use and economic growth. PLoS One, 7(11), e48903. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048903

García-Sánchez, E., Guerrero-Villegas, J., & Aguilera-Caracuel, J. (2019). How do technological skills improve reverse logistics? The moderating role of top management support in information technology use and innovativeness. Sustainability, 11(1). doi:10.3390/su11010058

Hasan, S., & Koning, R. (2020). Designing social networks: Joint tasks and the formation and endurance of network ties. Journal of Organization Design, 9(1), 4. doi:10.1186/s41469-020-0067-4

Kim, E., Ock, Y. S., Shin, S.-J., & Seo, W. (2018). An approach to generating reference information for technology evaluation. Sustainability, 10(9). doi:10.3390/su10093200

Mühlhoff, R. (2021). Predictive privacy: Towards an applied ethics of data analytics. Ethics and Information Technology. doi:10.1007/s10676-021-09606-x

Tamvada, M. (2020). Corporate social responsibility and accountability: a new theoretical foundation for regulating CSR. International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility, 5(1), 2. doi:10.1186/s40991-019-0045-8

Vamvaka, V., Stoforos, C., Palaskas, T., & Botsaris, C. (2020). Attitude toward entrepreneurship, perceived behavioral control, and entrepreneurial intention: dimensionality, structural relationships, and gender differences. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 9(1), 5. doi:10.1186/s13731-020-0112-0

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